The low voltage directive (LVD) (2014 / 35 / EU) provides a high level of protection for European citizens within certain voltage limits and applies to European and many world markets.
About the low voltage directive (LVD) LVD covers health and safety risks in electrical equipment, including input or output voltage.
- 50 and 1000 V for alternating current
- 75 and 1500 V for direct current
- Applies to a wide range of electrical devices for both consumer and professional use.
LVD devices that require testing are listed below.
- Household appliances
- Power Supplies
- Laser equipment
- Specific components, eg fuses
- EU legislation in the electricity sector is important to ensure that health and safety requirements for products placed on the market are the same across Europe.
The general product safety directive (2001 / 95 / EC) covers consumer goods with a voltage below 50 V for alternating current or for direct current below 75 V. It aims to ensure that only safe consumer products are sold in the EU.
The Low Voltage Directive (LVD), adopted in 1973, was an important step in this direction. The CE Mark in 1990 and after has been stipulated for free movement within the European Union (EU) market.
CE is the certification of the conformity of the manufactured product to the EU common market. A product bearing CE is also entitled to free movement in the EU market. What brings the product to CE are the new approach reports supported by standards. With these published standards, the necessary conditions for the safety of life are defined. CE marking is prohibited on a product that does not meet these requirements. The sanction of hitting a CE marking on an inappropriate product can reach up to the removal of the product from the market.
In this period, especially when the process of harmonization with the EU accelerated, the standardization studies in our country gained momentum. For this reason, companies producing machinery and white goods have become aware of LVD tests. Companies do not put their products to the market without confirming that they are safe.
Your products must be certified to be eligible for free movement in the European Union common market. Due to the CE certificate, companies that produce machinery and white goods are required to perform LVD tests.
Especially in the Saudi Arabian market, you cannot have a SASO Certificate without having your CE certificate certified by SASO (Low Voltage Directive-LVD) Tests. (Low Voltage Directive-LVD) tests are carried out after an appropriate test report provides your CE certificate.
Due to its different characteristics, LVD test is performed on grounding rules for both high voltage electrical high current installations and low voltage electrical installations, and tests for grounding of data processing and communication equipment.
With the LVD test and a test report received by the accredited organization, the exportation of Saudi Arabia and other European Union or Middle East countries will be facilitated, especially in order to obtain SASO Certificate in our country, exporting companies will have CE certificate together with SASO certificate.
In the low voltage directive, not only the risks arising from electrical problems are considered, but all risks that may arise from chemical, mechanical and other problems in the electrical device are taken into consideration.
The LVD directive also considers health issues.
Noise, sound, ergonomic issues are mentioned.
Electrical Devices may deteriorate the performance of other devices because they generate electromagnetic waves in the environments they work or they may be affected by the electromagnetic noise produced by other devices.
Many of the electrical devices are also covered by the EMC Directive. In this case, both LVD and EMC directives are obliged to comply.
It does not require notified bodies to assess whether products to be placed on the market for LVD comply with applicable EU legislation. The manufacturer alone is responsible for its determination by carrying out the conformity assessment procedures.
- Leakage Current Tests
- Earth Line Continuity Tests
- Protection tests against access to live parts
- Warming Tests
- Electrical Resistance Tests
- Moisture Resistance Tests
- Unusual operating tests
- Structural tests
- Discharge Tests
- Tensile Tests
- Grounding Tests
- Insulation Tests
- Ball pressure tests
- Glow wire tests
- Surface Leakage Protection Tests
- High Voltage Tests
- Combustion Test
- Physical Strength Tests
- Water and IP dust tests