Previously, the consumer had to prove if there was any risky situation with the products. However, according to the New Product Liability Act, if an accident occurs due to the product concerned, or if one of the EU states asserts that the product does not meet the requirements of the tests, that is, it is not safe enough, the manufacturer must prove that he has taken all precautions.
It should be kept in mind that incorrect or incomplete testing may cause serious damage to manufacturers. The manufacturer is responsible for the product he produces.
WHAT ARE THE ROLES OF AUTHORIZED INSTITUTIONS OR APPROVED INSTITUTIONS?
In some of the directives issued by the Council of Europe, the CE marking requires the authorization of the Notified Body. Some EU directives requiring the approval of the Notified Body: 1-Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC), 2-Gas Appliances Directive, 3-Machinery Directive (Annex-4), 4-Simple Pressure Vessels Directive
In the member states of the European Union, each member state shall designate its Authorized or Notified Body. The notified body or notified bodies mutually recognize each other.